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Texas A&M University School of Law offers a curriculum designed to provide fundamental knowledge and skills
required of the legal advocate, together with specialty courses enabling students to obtain a rich and varied legal education.

Following is a list of courses typically offered at the law school during a three-year period. Some courses are offered only in alternate years, and the curriculum varies slightly from year to year. Lockstep courses (required courses that must be taken in a prescribed sequence) and other required courses are offered every year.

The number of credit hours is listed in parentheses, and the corresponding course number appears on the right. Courses that fulfill the skills requirement have an S appended to the course number. (See Section 3.4 of the Academic Standards for more information.) Use the menu on the right to navigate directly to the lockstep courses, advanced required courses, core curriculum elective courses, and general curriculum elective courses.

The number of credit hours is listed in parentheses. The corresponding course number appears on the right.

View in printer-friendly format (PDF)

Lockstep Courses

Civil Procedure (4) / LAW-7005
A study of the rules and doctrines that define the process of civil litigation in American courts, with primary emphasis on the U.S. Constitution, the federal judicial code, and the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The course may cover topics such as the jurisdiction and competence of courts, conflicts between state and federal law, pleading, discovery, joinder of claims and parties, disposition without trial, trial and post-trial process, appellate review, and the effects of judgment.

Constitutional Law (4) / LAW-7010
A study of the provisions in the U.S. Constitution governing the form of government and the powers of the federal judiciary, legislature, and executive; the relations between the federal government and the states; the limitations on governmental power over individuals inherent in constitutional provisions relating to due process and equal protection; and the restrictions on private action mandated or permitted by these constitutional provisions.

Contracts (4) / LAW-7017
A study of the enforceability of promises, the creation of contractual obligations, performance and breach, the impact of the contract on the legal relationships of nonparties, and the examination of contract doctrine in three settings: personal service, sales of goods, and construction contracts.

Criminal Law (4) / LAW-7021
An inquiry into the sources and goals of criminal law, the concepts of actus reus and mens rea, characteristics of specific offenses, inchoate crimes, accomplice liability, and general defenses.

Legal Analysis, Research & Writing I (3) / LAW-7001
Legal Analysis, Research & Writing II (3) / LAW-7002

A study of analysis, research, and writing skills essential to the solution of legal problems and the practice of law. Analytical skills, essential for all of law school and law practice, are covered throughout the course. Students learn the methods of legal research through hands-on library experience. Students will write at least two legal memoranda and a trial brief in the first year.

Legislation & Regulation (3) / LAW-7418
An introduction to the role of statutes and administrative regulations in the practice of law, including their creation, amendment, and interpretation. Students will explore such topics as the interpretive and lawmaking roles of the three branches of government; statutory interpretation; delegation and administrative agency practice; and regulatory governance. The course is a building block for courses in legislation, administrative law, constitutional law and a wide range of specialized courses that rely on statutory and regulatory law including bankruptcy, commercial law, environmental law, intellectual property, securities regulation, and tax law.

Property (4) / LAW-7032
An introduction to personal property and real property laws, including estates and future interests in land, landlord-tenant problems, and issues relating to private and public land use.

Torts (4) / LAW-7042
A study of the basic principles of civil liability for harm to persons or property. Topics include intentional torts, negligence, strict liability, defenses, and damages. Additional topics may be included.

Advanced Required Courses

Business Associations (4) / LAW-7055
A study of business organizations, including partnership, limited partnership, and other unincorporated business forms and business corporations; the factors affecting the selection of the form of a business enterprise; the nature of corporate entities; and the promotion, organization, activities, financing, management, and dissolution of business corporations. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Contracts.

Criminal Procedure (3) / LAW-7065
This course considers issues relating to constitutional constraints on the investigation and prosecution of criminal offenses. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Evidence (4) / LAW-7080
An examination of the problems of proof, including study of the admission and exclusion of evidence on the basis of relevancy, policy, and protection of the individual or the state; the examination of witnesses; substitutes for evidence; and procedural considerations. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Civil Procedure.

Legal Analysis, Research & Writing III (see below)
Topics vary. Students may fulfill this requirement with any of several LARW III classes.

LARW III: Appellate Drafting (2) / LAW-7785
This course hones students’ analytical and persuasion skills through a focus on appellate brief writing and oral advocacy in the appellate court setting. Students will have numerous smaller writing projects during the course, which will culminate in a large brief-writing project due near the end of the semester. Students will also participate in significant oral argument exercises. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II.

LARW III: Contract Drafting (2) / LAW-7780
This hands-on course covers contemporary commercial drafting of contracts, an essential skill for transactional practice that is also useful for litigators. Topics include translation of a client’s business deal into contract language; the organizational paradigm for a formal contract; drafting definitions, covenants, representations, and warranties; deconstructing and marking up contracts; transactional and formbook research; and proper use of boilerplate provisions. Students will draft at least two major contracts and will have smaller drafting and research assignments throughout the course. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II and Contracts.

LARW III: Estate Planning and Drafting (2) / LAW-7779
This course involves working through hypothetical clinical problems, including extensive drafting and working closely with the professor. The problems involve comprehensive planning and drafting of estate planning documents to effectuate the plan. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II; (2) Wills & Estates; and (3) Estate & Gift Tax.

LARW III: Family Law Drafting (2) / LAW-7786
This practice skills course covers drafting documents for family law litigation. All aspects of litigation are covered from pre-trial to appeal. Students will draft several substantive documents during the course. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II; (2) Family Law.

LARW III: Litigation Drafting (2) / LAW-7782
This practical course deals with drafting litigation documents. Using a state trial court forum and the Texas Rules of Civil Procedure, students draft litigation documents that they can expect to prepare in typical litigation cases. Topics covered include conducting client interviews; drafting petitions, answers, and affirmative defenses; propounding written discovery; objecting to and answering written discovery; preparing and arguing motions; and preparing other litigation-related documents. Students will draft a major persuasive motion and will have several smaller drafting and research assignments throughout the course. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II and Civil Procedure.

LARW III: Patent Law Drafting (2) / LAW-7781
This skills-based writing course introduces students to the practice of patent prosecution—the process of obtaining a patent from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The course follows the process from the initial client interview through the issuance of a patent and through post-issuance filings. Writing assignments include a patentability opinion letter, an original patent application, and a response to an Office Action. Some scientific or technical expertise may be helpful, but is not required. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II; (2) Patent Law.

LARW III: Real Estate Drafting (2) / LAW-7783
This practice skills course covers drafting commonly used real estate documents. The focus is on Texas practice and both personal and commercial transactions are covered. Students will draft several substantive documents during the course. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II and Property.

LARW III: Trademark Prosecution (3) / LAW-7784
This skills-based writing course introduces students to the practice of trademark prosecution, which is the process of registering trademarks with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Trademark prosecution is a significant aspect of a legal practice in intellectual property, and this course seeks to develop students’ practical, analytical, and counseling skills in this area through a series of contextualized writing assignments. This is a limited enrollment course. No online registration. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II; (2) Trademark & Unfair Competition (may be taken concurrently).

Professional Responsibility (2) / LAW-7090
A study of the rules regulating the practice of law. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Wills & Estates (3) / LAW-7076
This course (formerly Estates & Trusts) covers the basics of testate and intestate succession, including the following topics: drafting, execution, and construction of attested and holographic wills; testamentary capacity, undue influence, and fraud; revocation of wills; distribution of intestacy; nonprobate transfers of property; and ethical issues that arise during estate planning. There will be a significant focus on Texas law in the coverage of these topics. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Property.

Core Curriculum Elective Courses

Administrative Law (3) / LAW-7113
A study of the legal principles and procedures to which an unelected bureaucracy must conform to achieve legitimacy. The course reviews the problems inherent in a relatively disunited body of law derived from disparate sources, but concentrates on the Constitution and other federal law as the primary sources of organizing principles for administrative law and procedure. Topics addressed may include the constitutional underpinnings of the federal bureaucracy, judicial review of agency fact finding and legal interpretation, extra-statutory administrative common law, the grounds for dividing administrative actions into adjudication and rule making, the essential components of due process in agency adjudication, and the availability of judicial review of agency action. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Advanced Torts (3) / LAW-7104
Building on the material covered in Torts, this course examines various topics in the law of torts such as products liability, defamation, invasion of privacy, and business torts, including misrepresentation and interference with contractual relations. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Torts.

Agency & Partnership (2) / LAW-7122
A study of the common law of principal and agent, and the law of unincorporated business entities, including general and limited partnerships and limited liability companies. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Consumer Law (2) / LAW-7195
A study of the current state of the law as it applies to consumer transactions. Topics include debt collection practices, credit disclosure and regulation, product liability, the Texas Deceptive Trade Practices Act, the work of the Federal Trade Commission, truth in lending laws, and fair credit laws. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Torts and Contracts.

Family Law (3) / LAW-7301
A study of legal problems related to the establishment, dissolution, reorganization, and evolving definitions of the family and family-like relationships in America, including premarital arrangements, marriage (formal and informal), divorce, parent-child relationship, division of marital property, spousal and child support, domestic violence within the family, and same-sex unions. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Federal Income Taxation (3) / LAW-7319
A study of the basic principles of federal income tax, concentrating upon individual taxpayers, business taxpayers, and investors as taxpayers. Particular emphasis is placed on the use of the Internal Revenue Code and federal tax regulations. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Marital Property (2) or (3) / LAW-7429 or LAW-7428
A study of the property rights of husband and wife under the Texas community property system, including coverage of the law relating to homestead. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Oil & Gas (3) / LAW-7444
A study of oil and gas law with emphasis upon the interests that may be created in oil and gas, the transfer and conveyance of such interests, rights of operators and landowners, provisions in the oil and gas lease, the rights of assignees, and regulations dealing with exploration, production, and conservation. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Property.

Payment Systems (3) / LAW-7454
This course explores commercial paper, bank deposits, and collections under UCC Articles 3 and 4. Topics covered include negotiability and the rights and obligations of parties to commercial paper, defenses to liability, relationship of banks and customers, check collection, and suretyship. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Torts and Contracts.

Remedies (2) or (3) / LAW-7241 or LAW-7484
A review of the forms of legal and equitable relief a court is equipped to grant by way of redress to those who have been or may be injured, including alternative choices and the tactical advantages of each. The course may also discuss the scope of judges’ powers of contempt. Prerequisite: Two years of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Sales & Leases (2) / LAW-7556
A study of the sale and lease of goods and the principal commercial law governing such transactions. Law dealt with in the course includes Articles 2 and 2A of the Uniform Commercial Code as well as the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. Covered topics include sale and lease contract formation, establishment of express and implied contract terms, creation and disclaimer of warranties, risk of loss, and remedies for breach. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Contracts.

Secured Transactions (3) / LAW-7488
A study of personal and commercial financing by loans and credit sales under agreements creating security interests in the debtors’ personal property (Article 9 of the UCC and relevant provisions of the Bankruptcy Code).Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Contracts and Property.

Texas Criminal Procedure (3) / LAW-7532
A study of laws regulating Texas’ criminal process, arrest to post-conviction review, emphasizing its unique characteristics. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Criminal Procedure.

Texas Pretrial Procedure (3) / LAW-7540
A study of Texas law in civil cases pertaining to processes before trial, including jurisdiction, venue, initiating legal proceedings, obtaining factual information from parties and nonparties, and terminating litigation prior to trial. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Civil Procedure.

Texas Real Property (2) or (3) / LAW-7352 or LAW-7533
This course examines Texas real property law through Texas case law and the Texas statutory law. Topics include conveyances of real property (including contracts and deeds), liens, adverse possession, and servitudes (i.e., easements, real covenants, and equitable servitudes). Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Property.

Texas Trials & Appeals (3) / LAW-7548
A study of Texas law in civil cases pertaining to trial and appellate procedure concerning the jury, presentation of the case, motions for instructed verdict, the court’s charge, the verdict, trial before the court, post-trial motions and procedures, final and appealable judgments, appellate jurisdiction, perfection of appeal, the courts of appeal, the Supreme Court of Texas, and original proceedings in appellate courts. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Civil Procedure.

Trusts and Fiduciary Responsibilities (2) / LAW-7174
A comprehensive study of the law of trusts, including creation, administration, amendment, and termination of trusts; powers, rights and duties of settlors, trustees and beneficiaries; fiduciary duties and liability of trustees; and creditors’ rights. Emphasis is on Texas law. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Property.

General Curriculum Elective Courses

Accounting for Lawyers (3) / LAW-7105
This course provides students with a fundamental understanding of accounting principles, highlights the importance of accounting issues to the practice of law, and introduces critical techniques of financial analysis, including time value of money, leverage, return metrics, and business valuation. No prior training in finance or accounting is needed. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Adoption Law (2) / LAW-7114
This course covers many aspects of adoption law, including consent of birthparents, termination of parental rights, Indian Child Welfare Act, transracial and transcultural adoption, international adoption, access to information, the effects of adoption, and actions for wrongful adoption. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Advanced Alternative Dispute Resolution (2) / LAW-7270S
The course is designed to enhance the settlement advocacy skills of the twelve students who rank highest each year in the Intramural Dispute Resolution Competition and who will represent the law school in the five national ADR competitions. Providing focused skills-building and designated practice times, using lecture, role-plays, filmed critiques and simulations, this class promotes esprit de corps, friendly competition and rapid skills development. There is no exam. All students are required to participate in at least one competition and to be available to assist each team with research, practice sessions and critiquing. Prerequisite: Professor approval.

Alternative Dispute Resolution Survey: Negotiation, Mediation, and Arbitration (3) / LAW-7222S
This course will serve as an introduction to the main three tools of Alternative Dispute Resolution: negotiation, mediation, and arbitration. (Negotiation is when two or more parties work together to achieve a mutually acceptable agreement; mediation is when a neutral third party plays the role of mediator in assisting by asking questions and guiding the conversation of two or more parties as they work together to achieve a mutually acceptable agreement; and arbitration is when a neutral third party takes on the role of judge and decides the outcome of a disputed matter after it is presented to him or her in a setting similar to a court trial). Through the use of lecture, simulations, and exercises, students will learn both theoretical and practical aspects of all three tools. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Analytical Methods for Lawyers (3) / LAW-7571
This course will introduce students with little or no quantitative background to the basic analytical techniques that attorneys need to master to represent their clients effectively. The course will review decision analysis, game theory and information, contracting, accounting, finance, microeconomics, economic analysis of the law, fundamental of statistics, and multiple regression analysis. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Animal Law (2) / LAW-7604
This course provides an overview of the changing relationship between society and animals by examining the development of both civil and criminal law as it relates to animals. The course also explores the philosophical issues that drive the law’s evolution and describes the law as an expression of how we share the environment with animals. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Art Crimes (3) / LAW-7107
From Adolph Hitler’s monumental looting to Giacomo Medici’s illicit trafficking, from the Gardner Museum heist to the Baghdad Museum pillage, works of art and antiquity (and their owners) have suffered at the hands of scoundrels perpetrating art crimes. Victims include individual art collectors, ethnic and religious groups, cultural institutions, and entire nations. This course will explore the murky underworld of the art trade, where art theft, fraud, forgery, looting, art-napping, and other sordid crimes unfold. We will study legal protections and enforcement mechanisms that exist in the domestic and international realms to solve art crimes, catch the criminals, provide remedies to the victims, and seek to protect cultural treasures. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Art Law (2) or (3) / LAW-7106 or LAW-7205
This course provides a thorough introduction to the growing area of legal practice known as art law. Students will examine legal and ethical issues relating to the creation, discovery, ownership, transfer, and use of works of visual art, from the ancient to the contemporary. Stakeholders in this field are diverse: they include artists and their subjects, individual and corporate collectors, museums, dealers, auction houses, cultural institutions, treasure hunters, scholars, indigenous groups, sovereign nations, and the general public. Students will examine, discuss, and debate applicable civil and criminal laws and regulations, case law, international treaties and codes of ethics, as well as contracts and other documents used in the practice of art law. This class may be taught at the law school or in the summer in Santa Fe. The class includes trips to museums and other locations relevant to art law. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Bankruptcy (3) / LAW-7145
A study of the law relating to individual and business liquidations and reorganizations under the Bankruptcy Code. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Contracts and Property.

Children & the Law (2) or (3) / LAW-7153 or LAW-7154
This course studies the three-sided relationship between children, their parents (or other conservators), and the state. It examines the many complex problems inherent in the questions of when a state should, must, or should not interfere in the parent-child relationship. It tries to define what that relationship includes and looks at the ways that relationship is evolving in the United States today. The course examines the parent-child relationship through the many forms of Suits Affecting the Parent-Child Relationship (SAPCR), which are common to most states today in their statutes/codes. It does not include any questions of tort liability of parents to or for their children. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Civil Evidence Workshop (1) / LAW-7891S
This skills practicum focuses on practical subjects related to courtroom evidence. The workshop provides instruction, demonstration, and practice in: Offering common forms of evidence in civil and criminal trials. Common objections and responses to courtroom evidence. Depositions, statements, sworn testimony. Preserving the record and offers of proof. This workshop is open to all students and is recommended for all law students interested in law school mock trial competition or careers in trial advocacy.

Civil Rights (3) / LAW-7162
This course provides an overview of federal legislation designed to provide private actions to enforce constitutional rights, including the kinds of relief available and limits on recovery. Prerequisites: (1) one year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Constitutional Law.

Complex Litigation (3) / LAW-7179
A study of the procedural rules and doctrines relating to the litigation of complex cases involving multiple parties and/or claims. Particular emphasis will be placed on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that relate to class action litigation, joinder of parties and claims, and transfer and consolidation of action. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Civil Procedure.

Copyrights (3) / LAW-7203
A study of federal and international laws protecting the innovative endeavors of authors. Topics include the history of copyright law, fair use of copyrighted materials, what can be copyrighted, and the interaction of copyright law with other concepts of unfair competition and intellectual property. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Copyrights & New Media (3) / LAW-7373
There is a growing consumer expectation that we will be able to do online what we are accustomed to doing offline, only more conveniently. With that growing expectation comes frustration for consumers and businesses, as the old way of doing things runs headlong into a wall of rights online that are not implicated in the brick-and-mortar world. Clients are becoming, by necessity, more and more sophisticated in the use of new media, and today’s practitioners need to be as informed and innovative as their clients. This course will focus on the effects and implications of copyrights law for new media. Prior courses in intellectual property are not required. The course includes a thorough review of basic copyright law. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Corporate Governance (2) / LAW-7609
A study of the procedural rules and doctrines relating to the litigation of complex cases involving multiple parties and/or claims. Particular emphasis will be placed on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that relate to class action litigation, joinder of parties and claims, and transfer and consolidation of action. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Business Associations.

Corporate Reorganization Law (3) / LAW-7404
The course addresses the problems of an insolvent business. It focuses on chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code and tracks the progress of a debtor filing for relief under that chapter through confirmation of a plan of reorganization. Students will compare alternative remedies, such as the out of court workout, and will study strategy and tactics that are used in practice. Students will be divided into teams for two exercises, one a moot court, in which they will play roles in a typical chapter 11 case. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Business Associations; and (3) Bankruptcy.

Courthouse Perspectives (1) / LAW-7890S
This course will provide students with a practical, hands-on study of various courts in the Tarrant County area, including the Court of Appeals, District Courts (civil, criminal, and family), County Courts (civil, criminal, and probate), and Justice of the Peace courts. Students will learn about the function, jurisdiction, and personnel of each court. Each day will begin with a lecture at the Court of Appeals by Justice McCoy, which will be followed by visits to the various courts. During the various visits, students will be introduced to judges, court coordinators, and court reporters. If possible, students will be allowed to observe proceedings in each court they visit. This course will also stress proper courtroom etiquette and nuts-and-bolts procedural training on topics such as how to actually file a document with a court. A short test will be administered on the final day. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Criminal Procedure Trial Rights (3) / LAW-7313
This course deals with constitutionally mandated judicial processes for determining the guilt or innocence of those accused of crime and for selecting an appropriate penalty. Topics may include bail and pretrial detention, the prosecutor’s charging decision, pretrial publicity, the defendant’s competency to stand trial, jury selection, trial by jury, the defendant’s right of confrontation and compulsory process, the right to effective assistance of counsel, sentencing, direct attacks on criminal convictions, and double jeopardy. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Deposition Skills Workshop (1) / LAW-7887S
This course gives students the opportunity to learn the art of deposition practice and the strategy behind taking depositions. Students will learn and practice fundamental depositions skills; rules pertaining to depositions in federal and state court; how to properly notice a deposition; and how to depose parties, fact witnesses, and experts. The course will conclude with a final deposition performance class in which each student will be provided the opportunity to take and defend a deposition. Enrollment limited to 16. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Civil Procedure.

Elder Law (2) or (3) / LAW-7588 or LAW-7240
This course presents an overview of the law relating to aging individuals and an older American society, including employment and disability discrimination, retirement, property management, guardianship and protection, health care financing, health care decision-making, housing, and family issues unique to grandparents. When possible, Texas law on particular subjects will also be covered. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Employment Discrimination (3) / LAW-7248
An in-depth examination of the federal law concerning discrimination in employment on the basis of race, sex, religion, national origin, age, and disability. Topics covered include Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, the Reconstruction Era Civil Rights Act, the Equal Pay Act, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Employment Law (3) / LAW-7260
A study of the law of employer-employee relations in a nonunion context. Students examine issues such as employment at will, retaliatory discharge, and wage and hour laws. The class introduces students to laws relating to the employment relationship. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Entertainment Law (2) / LAW-7268
An examination of basic legal concepts that govern transactions in the entertainment industry, including the constitutional protections of entertainment speech, the rights of individuals who restrict it, copyright fundamentals, contract issues peculiar to the field, and prevailing standards and practices of “the Business.” Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Contracts.

Environmental Law (3) / LAW-7277
A study of various approaches for dealing with adverse environmental effects, including private litigation, regulation, and financial incentives. The course surveys air and water pollution, solid and hazardous waste problems, and the National Environmental Policy Act. Attention is also paid to judicial review of legislative and administrative action, the special problems raised by our federal form of government, and the administrative regulatory process in pollution control. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Property.

Estate & Gift Tax (3) / LAW-7290
A study of income, gift, estate, and generation-skipping transfer taxes relevant to the estate planning process. Planning and drafting principles for complex estate planning are introduced. Prerequisite: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Wills & Estates (may be taken concurrently).

European Union Law (1) / LAW-7261
This course examines the EU’s multilevel system of governance, its principles of law, and the reach of its powers, both economic and political. Substantive areas covered will include the free movement of goods and people, and the EU’s power in global trade and development. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Externship (1), (2), or (3) / LAW-7835, LAW-7836, or LAW-7837
This course is designed to provide students with learning opportunities, through placements in approved legal settings, in which students may 1) increase understanding of the range of skills necessary for effective lawyering; 2) improve abilities to perform lawyering skills (e.g. applying an area of law to an actual case); 3) begin to identify and reflect upon the strengths and weaknesses as a practicing student attorney; 4) develop productive working relationships with supervisors, clients, support staff and peers; and 5) reflect on placement experiences through journals and class discussions. Placements can be in either courts, public interest organizations, corporate or government offices, or law firms. Students can earn 1, 2 or 3 pass/fail credit hours for every 60, 120 or 180 hours of fieldwork completed, respectively. Students will keep timesheets and journals that must be submitted every 2 weeks. In addition, students must complete a classroom component the first time they register for an externship. The classroom component consists of in-class meetings and online discussions. Online discussions will consist of students responding to topics posted by the professor and responding to fellow student postings. Some minor outside reading and/or activity may be required.

Family Mediation Clinic (3) / LAW-7850S
Students learn mediation skills through lecture and role-play, and attend some classes in the courtrooms of two family judges. Students observe and mediate real family disputes at local mediation centers. An exam and a mediation journal are used in grading this pass/ fail course. A family mediation certificate is given on completion of this course and the mediation clinic. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Federal Courts (3) / LAW-7302
A study of the constitutional and practical doctrines that define the judicial power of the United States, with particular emphasis on the role of federal courts in the American system of government, including the federal courts’ relationship to the other branches of the federal government and their relationship to the separate state systems of government. The course will cover topics such as the constitutional cases and controversies requirement, congressional control of the federal courts, Supreme Court review of state court decisions, the power of the federal courts to create federal law, abstention, suits against state governments, and the enforcement of federal rights. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Civil Procedure.

First Amendment (3) / LAW-7316
A study of the U.S. Constitution’s First Amendment. The course addresses the First Amendment’s effect on government attempts to regulate content of speech and to restrict speech by regulating one’s method of speaking. Also included is the right of free speech in various physical settings. In addition, the freedoms of assembly and press, free exercise of religion, and the prohibition on governmental establishment of religion will be studied. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Constitutional Law.

Health Law (3) / LAW-7318
This course focuses on key concepts in health law such as the structure of health care organizations, quality of health care, and liability of health care providers. It also addresses access to health care; financing mechanisms of health care, including Medicare and Medicaid; regulation of health care; and oversight of managed health care. New developments in health care law concerning reproduction, bioethics, and human genetics are also examined. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Torts.

Immigration Law (3) / LAW-7332
This course covers basic immigration statutes, including cases and doctrines that control immigration and naturalization. The course also explores the treatment of undocumented immigrants and those seeking protection from persecution. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Independent Study (1) / LAW-7816
An opportunity for students to do specialized reading or research in an area of interest to the student under a full-time faculty member’s supervision. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses.

Insurance Law (3) / LAW-7340
A study of fundamental legal principles relating to the construction of various types of liability and first-party insurance contracts. Topics include insurance regulation, application for coverage and acceptance of risk, and the rules of construction, bad faith, and insurance litigation strategy. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Torts and Contracts.

Intellectual Property (3) / LAW-7350
An overview of the basic principles of intellectual property law, including coverage of trade secret, trademark, patent, and copyright fundamentals. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Intellectual Property and Indigenous Cultures (3) / LAW-7403
Western legal systems of protection for patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets reflect cultural assumptions about the values of individual innovation, commercial success, and ultimate public access. Throughout the world, indigenous communities value intangible knowledge and creative expression in ways that are often dramatically different from the dominant legal systems. This course will explore underlying principles, legal frameworks, and developing concepts that fall within the area of intellectual property, and how they affect indigenous communities from various parts of the world, including the Americas, Asia, Australia/New Zealand, Europe, and Africa. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

International Human Rights (2) / LAW-7375
A basic introduction to the legal, political, and cultural components of human rights law. Students will evaluate United Nations human rights treaties and analyze the attempts to implement these treaties, both nationally and internationally. The international system of justice and international judicial bodies will be studied. Students will also study the regional human rights systems, humanitarian law and the laws of war. Finally, students will consider whether human rights are legal rights, with particular focus on the concepts of universality, religious traditions, and cultural values. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

International Litigation (3) / LAW-7368
A study of disputes touching more than one jurisdiction, including selecting the proper forum, discovery, parallel law suits, choice of law, sovereign immunity, the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, and arbitration. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Civil Procedure.

Internet Law (3) / LAW-7223
This course focuses on the transference (or lack of transference) of bricks-and-mortar legal principles to new methods of communication. It looks at recent developments in cyberspace law and provides a survey of legal issues on the internet, including both policy and pragmatic application of jurisdictional principles, intellectual property laws, privacy rights, computer crime, proprietary information, and freedom of speech issues, as well as a full-scale analysis and explication of the question, “Is Google really God?” Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Juvenile Justice (2) / LAW-7381
A review of the juvenile’s substantive and procedural rights. Prerequisite: Criminal Procedure.

Labor Law (3) / LAW-7389
A study of the National Labor Relations Act and its implementation. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Land Use (2) or (3) / LAW-7400 or LAW-7401
A study of private and public means of controlling land use. Emphasis is placed on the areas of planning and zoning, including the emerging problem of exclusionary land use controls. Further discussion topics include subdivision controls, restrictive deed covenants, eminent domain proceedings, and urban renewal. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Property.

Law Clinic (2) or (3) / LAW-7864S or LAW-7865S
The law clinic is both a credit course and a functioning law office, allowing students to practice law while in law school. Students represent indigent clients in court under direct faculty supervision. A classroom component meets twice weekly to study the substantive law, to learn essential practical skills, and to discuss client cases.

Law Practice Management (2) / LAW-7412
A review of the professional, ethical, and management requirements for starting and operating a law practice. The course will review the statutory and regulatory aspects of practice, including labor and employment, partnerships and professional corporations, trust and IOLTA accounts, advertising, and solicitations. The course will also review management skills and technology related to time, billing, accounting, docketing, legal research, document preparation, filing, and client development. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Legislation (2) or (3) / LAW-7415 or LAW-7416
A study of the state and federal legislative systems examining (1) the relationship between the legislative, executive, and judicial processes; (2) the philosophies of legislative operations and judicial interpretation; (3) statutory and constitutional issues involved in interpreting and applying legislation; and (4) the principles of drafting legislation. The course includes tracking actual legislative sessions, introduced bills, the activity of a student-selected member of choice in the Texas Legislature, and getting practical experience through conducting a mock session of the Legislature to include committee activity, floor debate, voting, and post-legislative activities by means of four extracurricular volunteer Saturday class meetings. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Mediation Clinic (3) / LAW-7881S
This course follows the standards for mediation training promulgated by the Texas Mediation Trainers Roundtable. To pass the course and receive credit, the student must attend the entire 40 hours of classroom training and participate in the role-plays, performing as a mediator and as a disputant. The student must also satisfactorily complete the clinic portion of the training, which consists of mediations or observations at Dispute Resolution Centers and other locations. In addition, students must submit a journal for each case mediated or observed and must receive a passing grade on the mid-term and the final exam. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

National Security Law (3) / LAW-7437
An examination of an emerging branch of legal inquiry that addresses threats to the autonomy of American nationhood. The sources of this law are not unified, ranging from early landmark cases in the Supreme Court to statutes, executive orders, and “practices.” The basic theme of the course is the counterbalancing of legal protection from genuine threats to our national life and the need to preserve our fundamental rights under the rule of law. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses.

Negotiation Workshop (2) or (3) / LAW-7882S or LAW-7883S
This course trains future litigators and transactional lawyers to resolve disputes with competence, integrity, and professionalism. Drawing on communication theory, psychology, cognitive science, game theory, the performing arts, social science research, and ethics, as well as legal disciplines such as jurisprudence, civil procedure, settlement science, and negotiation, the course uses experiential exercises and psychological inventories to instill these new skills. Collaborative law skills are also covered. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses.

Non-Profit Organizations (2) or (3) / LAW-7405 or LAW-7310
This course focuses on the laws, policies, and ideals affecting the creation, operation, and governance of nonprofit organizations, such as hospitals, universities, churches, social service charities, cultural institutions, advocacy groups, trade associations, and social clubs. Nonprofit organizations’ role in society raises complex issues that involve a variety of legal fields, including constitutional law, trust and property law, corporate law, and tax law. Topics include obtaining tax-exempt status, restrictions on lobbying and political activity, tax on unrelated business income, eligibility for charitable contributions, state regulation of charitable solicitations, oversight of nonprofit governance, and charitable immunity. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Torts and Contracts.

Patents (2) / LAW-7452
The study of how proprietary interests in technology are protected by patent law, with a focus on issues relating to validity, the nature of the subject matter protected, and enforcement of proprietary rights. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Post-Conviction Actual Innocence Claims (2) / LAW-7217
This course will teach the law and the practical applications of the law in petitioning the judiciary for relief, based on facts garnered through an initial post-conviction investigation. Students will learn what a post-conviction claim of actual innocence is and how the United States Supreme Court and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals have analyzed and dealt with such claims in both death penalty and non-death cases. Students will be expected to effectively apply the Texas post-conviction DNA testing statute to hypothetical scenarios. In addition, students will be expected to effectively draft T.C.C.P. art. 11.07 and T.C.C.P. art. 11.071 writs based on hypothetical cases. Students will also be expected to understand and effectively deal with potential procedural bars to their actual innocence claims. Students will study actual cases relevant to the subject, some of which are still pending in the United States Supreme Court, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, and Dallas County. There is no exam but several projects. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Preparing for the Bar Exam (3) / LAW-7458
This three-credit hour class is pass/fail, with an exam on the last day of class. Only students who are in their last semester of law school may enroll. The class familiarizes students with the contents of the bar exam and seeks to impart the critical skills and strategies necessary for success on each day of the exam. The class covers selected selections of several MBE and essay-tested subjects. Students will complete several diagnostic tests that simulate portions of the bar exam and will receive feedback on their performance. Evaluation will be based on homework (the diagnostic tests) and a short exam. The course is not intended as a substitute for a commercial bar review course; students should also take a commercial bar review course.

Public International Law (3) / LAW-7369
An introduction to the key concepts and doctrines of international law, including topics such as the sources and evidence of international law, the bases of international jurisdiction, the law governing the use of force and the protection of human rights, the law of treaties and state succession. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Real Estate Financing (3) / LAW-7477
The course will explore the basic elements involving real estate financing and will provide an understanding of the legal framework and practical considerations affecting real estate finance transactions. The course covers secured lending, mortgage law, installment land contracts, foreclosures, lien priorities, and title insurance and practical issues when representing a lender or borrower on commercial or single family transactions. In addition, commercial leasing, ground leases and real estate development will be covered. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Property.

Securities Regulation (3) / LAW-7492
A review of federal and state regulation of the public distribution, offer, and sale of corporate securities. The course includes a study of the Securities Act of 1933 and portions of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Types of securities and underwriting techniques are surveyed, and the key definitions and exemptions in the statutes are studied. State securities law is also studied with emphasis on the securities registration and anti-fraud aspects of the Texas Securities Act. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Business Associations.

Sports Law (3) / LAW-7500
A thorough look at both the academic (e.g., labor and antitrust) and practical (e.g., contracts and agents) aspects of professional sports and the emerging field of sports law, including rules governing Olympic competition, the NCAA, and other amateur athletics. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Contracts.

Taxation of Business Entities (4) / LAW-7517
A study of the federal income tax treatment of C corporations and pass-through entities such as partnerships, S corporations, and limited liability companies. The course examines on a comparative basis the formation, operation, and sales and liquidation of these entities. Corporate reorganizations and related transactions are also covered. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Trademark & Unfair Competition Law (3) / LAW-7550
Using the principles of unfair competition law, this course examines the creation, maintenance, and enforcement of trademark rights, as well as related doctrines of rights of publicity, trade dress, trade secrets, and false advertising. It also includes an exploration of public policies and economy underlying trademark law. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Water Law (3) / LAW-7339
This course examines the legal control of water resources, an issue of increasing concern in Texas and the nation. Topics include riparian rights, the water permit system, groundwater issues, water as a regional and shared resource, beneficial uses v. waste, underground conservation districts, and navigability. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Property.

White Collar Crime (3) / LAW-7579
An exploration of the substantive and procedural problems connected with the federal prosecution and defense of white collar crime. The course examines selected federal statutes, including the Racketeer-Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO). Topics include mail and wire fraud, securities fraud, money laundering, corporate criminal liability, and grand jury investigations. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Criminal Law.

Practicum Courses

In order to implement a program that allows students to develop necessary practical lawyering skills, Texas A&M University School of Law has developed practicum courses in discrete substantive areas as well as in particular skill areas. These courses involve the supervised practical application of previously studied theory.

Many of the lawyering skills identified in the American Bar Association’s “MacCrate Report” will be learned in each practicum—problem solving, legal analysis and reasoning, legal research, factual investigation, communication, counseling, negotiation, litigation and alternative dispute resolution procedures, organization and management of legal work, and recognizing and resolving ethical dilemmas.

Arbitration Law and Advocacy Practicum (2) / LAW-7213S
Arbitration clauses are increasingly common in a wide variety of contracts, including commercial, construction, government, and employment contracts to name a few. This course provides an overview of arbitration that will be useful to all students whether they intend to pursue a litigation career or an office practice. It will cover the history of arbitration, the law governing arbitration, arbitration procedure, and the proper drafting and use of arbitration clauses. Participants will also learn arbitration advocacy skills which they will demonstrate in a mock arbitration hearing at the end of the semester. Students will be evaluated based on a midterm exam covering the history, law and procedure component of the course, one writing assignment dealing with arbitration clauses, class participation and performance in the mock arbitration hearing. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Evidence.

Criminal Law Practicum (2) or (3) / LAW-7724 or LAW-7725
Students function as prosecuting and defense attorneys, taking a hypothetical case from arrest through postconviction remedies. The course may include such topics as legal limits on criminal investigation, the grand jury process, setting bail, negotiating plea bargains, drafting pretrial motions, the discovery process, trial rights and tactics, habeas corpus, and appeals. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Criminal Law; (2) Criminal Procedure.

Electronic Research Practicum (2) / LAW-7706
This hands-on course focuses on how to use electronic resources to conduct legal research. Focus will be on Westlaw, LexisNexis, subscription databases, and free legal Web sites. The goal is to sharpen students’ research skills so they will be prepared to research in legal practice. The course will cover database content, search syntax, effective search queries using Boolean operators and/or fields and segments, and cost-effective search strategies. This is a graded course. There will be a final project/exam either completed during the final class or handed in on the final class. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Estate Administration Practicum (2) / LAW-7461
This course is designed to teach students how to open, conduct and close an administration of a decedent’s estate under Texas law. Topics include independent and dependent administrations; probate of the decedent’s will; powers, rights, and duties of the personal representative; payment of creditor’s claims; and informal probate procedures. This course will provide a practical look at how to represent a client who is serving as the personal representative of a decedent’s estate or who is a beneficiary of a decedent’s estate. There will be no exam for this course. Students’ grades will be based on various drafting projects assigned throughout the semester. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) Wills & Estates (formerly Estates & Trusts).

Ethical Lawyering Practicum (1) / LAW-7731
This course is designed to engage law students in an exploration of ethical issues that attorneys face in the daily practice of law. The assignments and the course are designed to develop healthy, prudent, and ethical practices teaching students skill sets in an effort to avoid potential malpractice pitfalls, professional burnout, and other hazards of the profession. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Guardianship Practicum (1) / LAW-7704
This course is designed to teach students about Texas guardianship law. It will teach how to determine if a guardianship is needed or if there are less restrictive alternatives to a guardianship and what those alternatives entail. Students will learn how to draft applications and orders for a guardianship of the person and or estate along with all supporting documents. Students will draft inventory, appraisements, list of claims, annual accountings, reports of attorneys or guardians ad litem, and final accountings for guardianships of the estate. The course will provide a practical look at how to represent an applicant for guardianship as well as how to represent the proposed incapacitated person. There will be no exam for this course. Grades will be based on drafting assignments and various projects assigned through the semester. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Interviewing, Negotiation & Collaborative Law Practicum (2) or (3) / LAW-7254S or LAW-7262S
This course begins with training in the techniques of interviewing new clients, utilizing a structured approach to client interviewing and counseling in both traditional legal cases and collaborative law cases. This graded course also helps future litigators and transactional lawyers make a paradigm shift from adversarial, distributive approaches to a collaborative, problem solving approach. Students will learn to resolve disputes with competence, integrity, empathy, skill and professionalism. Some class interviewing and negotiation exercises will be filmed. Drawing on communication theory, psychology, neuroscience, game theory, popular culture, social science research and ethics, as well as the legal disciplines of civil procedure, collaborative law, and negotiation, the course employs lecture, interactive exercises, psychological inventories and experiential activities to instill new and important settlement skills. Students will be encouraged to think like settlement counsel and helped to find optimal solutions or “adjacent possibles” through brainstorming and guided exercises. An intramural negotiation competition to select the top two negotiation teams will be held on the last day of class. A paper topic drawn from negotiation literature will be selected by students. A full day of collaborative law training will be featured.

Legal Drafting Practicum (2) / LAW-7744
This class will address how instruments intended to bind parties are structured and written. Class work will include drafting exercises designed to make the student comfortable with the type of writing used in contracts, orders, and other legal documents intended to govern the conduct and obligations of those who are parties to them. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses.

Legal Writing Practicum (2) / LAW-7746
This advanced writing course builds on the basic skills students learned in first-year Legal Analysis, Research & Writing. The class is conducted as a workshop: students write during class as well as outside it, and both fellow classmates and the professor critique students’ writing. Students work on skills such as improving clarity, brevity, organization, and persuasiveness in the context of writing letters, memos, transactional documents, trial pleadings, and parts of trial and appellate briefs. Prerequisites: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II.

Litigation Practicum (2) / LAW-7747S
This course permits students to practice all aspects of the civil litigation process. In a simulated setting, students will interview clients, draft pleadings, conduct discovery, prepare motions and argue them, negotiate with opposing counsel, and conduct a settlement negotiation. The grade for the course is based on drafting assignments and in-class presentations. There is no final exam. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including Civil Procedure.

Texas Legal Research Practicum (2) / LAW-7776
This course focuses on advanced legal research methodologies, costs, and strategies within the context of Texas law. It includes coverage of the Texas court system, legislation and legislative history, regulations and regulatory history, agency decisions and web sites, treatises, electronic databases, free online resources, court rules, jury instructions, practice materials, and strategies for making sure that your research is thorough. Students complete various assignments, including drafting exercises, using Texas practice materials. A final project is required. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program, including LARW I & II.

Transactional Intellectual Property Practicum / LAW-7450
This course explores how intellectual property is used as a business asset by focusing on three issues: (1) the intellectual property portfolio, (2) licensing, and (3) employment/ownership. Classes will be structured as presentations of basic legal materials in each of these areas. The student is expected to choose an entity (public company, private company, university, non-profit or some other organization) and research the entity’s intellectual property portfolio. From the portfolio, the student is expected to pick one or two pieces of intellectual property and draft a sample license that takes account of licensing and employment issues. Students will present the intellectual property and licenses to the class for comment and constructive criticism. Final grades will be based on the final written product, classroom presentation, and classroom participation. Prerequisites: 1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) an Intellectual Property course.

Trial Advocacy Practicum (3) / LAW-7775S
A study of civil and criminal trials, taught through lectures, demonstrations, and simulations. Each trial segment is examined separately, and accompanying exercises are conducted with students acting as attorneys and witnesses. The course culminates in a mock trial at a local courthouse, where students have the opportunity to present an entire case through verdict. Prerequisites: (1) All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law; (2) Evidence (may be taken concurrently).

Competitions

Mock Trial
Moot Court
Alternative Dispute Resolution

Competitions give students an opportunity to develop advocacy skills while competing against students within the law school as well as from other law schools across the nation. Students may earn credit for their participation.

Seminar Courses

ADR in the Workplace Seminar (2) / LAW-7603
In this seminar, you will study workplace dispute resolution with a focus on the legal status and practical application of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in the workplace. It begins with the most familiar alternative to litigation, labor arbitration. It then examines labor arbitration’s first cousin, individual employment arbitration. Then the course will shift into a discussion on mediation of employment disputes. Throughout the course, we will also review litigation of employment disputes as a necessary component of the foundation for exploring the pros and cons of using ADR versus litigation. You will have assigned background reading on all these matters and will perform simulations of arbitration and mediation of these disputes. Taking an employment-related course such as Labor Law, Employment Discrimination or Employment Law is NOT a pre-requisite. However, because the course concentrates on employment issues, you should have a strong intellectual interest in workplace dispute resolution and a desire to write about topics related to the course concentration (either a workplace topic or an ADR topic) in completing the rigorous writing requirement. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Advanced Topics in Property Seminar (2) / LAW-7626
This seminar will explore the concept of property, including its theoretical dimensions and its usefulness in resolving difficult legal and social problems. Some topics discussed in this class will build on introductory material traditionally covered in first-year property courses; other topics will be entirely new for most students. Class readings and discussions will focus on four or five substantive areas that will rotate from semester to semester. Among the topics that may be covered are the following: history and development of property rights; property theory; property rights in the body; housing discrimination; eminent domain and takings law; property in cyberspace; comparative property law; and land use involving religious groups. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Bioethics & the Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7606
A seminar that examines the legal, ethical, and policy aspects of current issues in bioethics, including patient autonomy, the right to refuse treatment, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, genetics, reproductive technologies, fetal treatment and research, human experimentation, and organ transplantation. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Business Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7727
A seminar exploring the various areas of business law, including areas of corporate, commercial, securities, tax, and regulatory law in both domestic and international settings. The seminar is designed to reflect the fact that complex business problems often involve the intersection of several bodies of law. Each student will be required to produce a paper on a topic of his or her choice in any area of business-related law, and will be expected to present the paper to the class and lead a discussion. We will explore the links between papers relating to very diverse areas of the law. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law; (2) Business Associations.

The Constitution, Campaign Finance & Lobbying Reform Seminar (2) / LAW-7613
This seminar explores the constitutional issues arising from campaign finance and lobbying reform. The seminar addresses the concept of money as speech, the possible compelling state interests necessary to justify government limitations, and alternative methods of regulating campaign finance and lobbying. The 2002 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (the so-called McCain-Feingold legislation), the 2004 U.S. Supreme Court decision in McConnell v. FEC, political entities organized under Internal Revenue Code 527, and lobbying reform proposals currently before the U.S. Congress will be discussed. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses.

Constitutional Issues in Environmental Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7468
This seminar explores some of the most interesting and challenging issues of environmental law that do not particularly relate to specific statutory and administrative regulations, but rather are likely to raise fundamental, constitutional issues. The goal is to delve into the basic policy debates underlying environmental law and to analyze constitutional themes, such as standing, judicial review, due process and takings, from a new perspective by focusing on cases derived from a single legal area. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses.

Death Penalty Seminar (2) / LAW-7615
A study of the law of capital punishment in an effort to understand the guiding legal principles and parameters of this most severe form of criminal sanction. Specific issues addressed include, among others, narrowing capital punishment to certain crimes and particular types of defendants, the role of race in the death penalty, death qualified juries, and the function of “guided discretion” in the use of the sanction. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Domestic Violence Seminar (2) / LAW-7622
This course examines domestic violence in the criminal justice system and in family law. The purpose of this seminar is to expose law students to the issue of domestic violence. The goals of this course will be accomplished through text, class discussions, simulated role-play, guest speakers, videos, student presentations, and a written paper or final submitted by each student. As a requirement of the seminar, each student must observe one domestic violence trial or lengthy hearing. Additionally, each student must elect to submit a written paper of at least 20 typewritten pages or to take a final exam. Prerequisites: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Fair Use Seminar (2) / LAW-7618
This writing seminar examines the application of fair use of others’ intellectual properties across the spectrum of human intellectual product, including patents, copyrights, and trademarks. From parody to politics, from the mix tape to the age of YouTube, this course will provide a foundation of fair use law and discuss contemporary legal issues within that context. The student’s final paper in this class may receive rigorous writing credit. Prerequisites: (1) One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program; (2) one Intellectual Property course.

Film & the Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7619
Images of lawyers and legal systems have long been a staple of popular culture. These images both shape and are shaped by real lawyers and legal systems. This course examines the cinematic representations of lawyers and legal systems and institutions in various types of films (e.g., American, international, fiction, documentary). Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Gender & the Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7636
This course explores the historical, comparative, statutory, and especially constitutional dimensions of law’s regulation of sexuality and gender. Students read primarily case law, supplemented with statutory law and articles. Topics to be considered include the critiques and defenses of marriage; the legal and social implications of categories such as bisexuality, intersexuality, and transsexuality; the relationship between feminist, gay and queer politics; and the impact of sexual orientation and gender challenges on the workplace, military policy, family law, and education. Prerequisite: One year of law school in the full-time or part-time program.

Jurisprudence Seminar (3) / LAW-7642
An introduction to legal philosophy. The major jurisprudential issues, the definition of law, the concept of justice, the relation of law and morality, and the function of legal analysis will be considered in the light of specific legal theories, including modern American legal philosophies. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Law & Literature Seminar (2) / LAW-7650
This seminar examines the nature, practice, and institutions of law as depicted in a variety of literary texts. The course also explores how techniques associated with literary criticism may be applied to selected legal texts. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Law & Psychology Seminar (2) / LAW-7655
A study of the intersection between law and psychology, with particular emphasis on the application of forensic psychology in the criminal justice system. Specific issues addressed include, among other topics, the evidentiary standard governing the admissibility of scientific evidence, false confessions, eyewitness testimony, repressed memories, and sex offenders. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

The Lawyer as Professional Seminar (2) / LAW-7572
This seminar undertakes a philosophical inquiry and has a practical purpose. You want to be both a good lawyer and a good person. Striving toward those goals will be a lifelong task. But you need some skills to become—and to be—both a good lawyer and a good person. The purpose of this course is to explore professionalism: We will discuss what it means to be a professional, what rights and obligations accrue to the professional, what an ethical American lawyer should and should not be, and similar questions. We will use the rules of professional responsibility only as a starting point; we will go on to examine ethics, philosophy, self-awareness, and moral arguments, but we will also approach our inquiry pragmatically, asking ourselves how we can live out our beliefs day-to-day, in a concrete and practical way. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

National Security Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7627
Terrorism affects the lives of all Americans in profound ways. No subject is more dynamic or interesting. Issues involving our security are at the forefront of public debate as we strive to balance national defense with our ideals of justice and liberty. Understanding these issues is essential to the well being of our nation. This course will provide the legal and political framework for national security law, war powers, the rapidly evolving topic of counterterrorism, the challenges of the intelligence community and the protection of state secrets. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses.

Public Health Seminar (2) / LAW-7660
This seminar provides an overview of basic principles of public health and its governing law. It examines the legal basis for public health regulation and explores the tensions among public health activities, civil liberties, property rights, and other interests. The course also examines current policy issues, such as immunization, bioterrorism, disease reporting and surveillance, infectious disease control, and tobacco regulation. Students will discuss public health process (measurement, problem definition, strategy, design, implementation, and evaluation) in reference to current issues. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Race & the Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7666
This seminar studies the many and various ways in which race and the American legal system interact, from both a historical and contemporary standpoint. Particular emphasis will be placed on the role the law has played in reinforcing slavery, shaping Reconstruction, and influencing the lives of various racial groups. The seminar culminates with an examination of some of the current issues surrounding the legal treatment of race, including reparations and affirmative action. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Refugee & Asylum Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7667
This seminar introduces students to U.S. asylum law and international refugee law. The course considers the international origins of refugee law, the relationship between U.S. law and international law, and the requirements to obtain refugee status under U.S. law. In addition, the protections offered against persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, social group membership, and political opinion will be studied. The seminar concludes with a discussion of the mechanics of the asylum process and the challenges to refugee protection in the U.S. and abroad. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Religion & the Law Seminar (2) / LAW-7651
This seminar uses historical writings, the text of the Constitution, and Supreme Court opinions in the explorations of one, central question: How should civil government treat the religious beliefs of society? In considering the scope of religious clauses of the First Amendment, the course relies heavily on doctrine created by the Supreme Court as it has wrestled with contentious issues such as federal funding of religious activities and the free exercise of religious beliefs in schools. The study of these topics grounded in a problem method encourages students to apply and consider varying approaches to the sometimes-conflicting guarantees found in the First Amendment. Prerequisites: All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law.

Supreme Court Seminar (2) / LAW-7675
A seminar in which students act as U.S. Supreme Court members, reading briefs in selected cases presently before the Supreme Court, discussing the cases, and writing opinions deciding the cases. Prerequisite: All lockstep courses. (Constitutional Law may be taken concurrently.)

Texas Search & Seizure Seminar (2) / LAW-7676
This seminar examines the issues raised in the Fourth Amendment and the Texas Constitution, Article 1 Section 9. Topics include the expectation of privacy, probable cause, search and arrest warrants, warrantless action, the exclusionary rule, Terry stops, and post-9/11 considerations. The seminar includes student participation in a practical application of the law of search and seizure. Prerequisites: (1) All lockstep courses except Constitutional Law; (2) Criminal Procedure (may be taken concurrently).

Title IX: Women, Athletics, and the Law (2) / LAW-7501
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 bars sex discrimination in all facets of education. Consequently, the law impacts women and athletic programs. This class will examine the history and the evolution of the law, judicial challenges and interpretation of the law, elements of Title IX’s prohibition against discrimination, remedies in the Title IX athletics cases, and selected Title IX practice issues. The student’s final paper in this class may receive rigorous writing credit. Prerequisites: All lockstep courses.

Courses that fulfill the professional skills requirement: